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BERNIE’S TOP 5 EB-5 HOT TOPICS 伯纳德五大EB-5热门话题

By Bernard Wolfsdorf, Esq.

Bernard Wolfsdorf律师撰写

I just returned from my third trip to China this year.

我刚从今年的第三次中国之旅回来。

Here are 5 observations regarding the EB-5 program.

以下是我有关EB-5项目的5点见闻。

  1. Demand for permanent residency under the EB-5 program remains strong as news of the inevitable minimum investment amount increase sinks in. In the first 7 months of Fiscal Year 2015, 88.56% of investors came from China with a total of 6,819 Vietnam had the second highest percentage of investors. Using 244 visas. The other three countries in the Top 5 are also from Asia. Taiwan is in 3rd place with 83, India in 4th place with 58 and South Korea is in 5th place with 54 visas issued. China is still dominating the investor program.
    最低要求投资金额的上涨无可避免,通过EB-5项目取得美国永久居民身份的需求仍然强劲。在2015财年的前7个月,88.56%的投资人来自中国,有6819位,排在第二位的越南投资人有244人。 其他排名前五的三个国家和地区都在亚洲。台湾排在第三位,有83位投资人。印度排在第四位有58位投资人。韩国排在第5位,有54位投资人。中国仍然占据投资移民项目的主导。
  2. Potential investors want to know the effective date of the increase and the precise amount. In my previous blogs, I have mentioned the amounts I have heard: $800,000 for TEAs and $1.8m for non-TEAS. As for the effective date, if Congress includes an increase as part of an extension package, one can only hope the effective date is at least October 1, 2016. If DHS exercises its current authority, the increase could be in the regulatory package presently being drafted. Regardless of which option materializes, let’s hope there it contains an adequate grandfathering provision for pipeline projects.
    潜在的投资人想知道增加投资要求的生效时间和具体金额。在我之前的博文里,我有提过我听到的数额:高失业地区80万美金,非高失业地区180万美金。至于生效的日期,如果国会在批准延期的同时提高了投资金额要求,那我们可以预见的生效日不会早于2016年10月1日。如果美国国土安全局行使权力,可能会把增加投资金额要求写在规定文件里。无论上述哪种情况真正发生,让我们期望届时会有允许还在进行过程中的项目合理“继承”的相关条例。
  3. The China EB-5 cutoff date of May 1, 2013 is creating concern but not panic as potential investors try to understand the impact of the quota. Investors want to know how long the waiting line will be if they file now and of course the critical question is what will happen to the more than 13,000 pending cases? The Department of State won’t speculate on future movement of the waiting line, but I will share informal chatter that I heard: by September 2016, The Department of State will be processing cases from about summer 2014. That’s a wait time of only about 27 months which really isn’t so bad. We are already at 25 months and since the May 1, 2013 China cutoff date has “stabilized” we are unlikely to see actual retrogression. Again, it is important to remember that retrogression occurs when the cutoff date goes backward. Thus far, the cutoff date has only been established, but that date has not gone backward or retrogressed. Misusing the phrase will make it difficult to understand the visa regulatory framework.
    中国的EB-5截止日 — 2013年5月1日造成了一些担心,但并没有引起恐慌,因为潜在的投资人在试图理解配额可能造成的影响。投资人想知道如果他们现在递交申请,会需要等待多长时间。当然还有一个关键问题是,目前还在处理中的13000多个案件怎么样了?国务院不会通报未来的排期动向,但我可以透露一些从非正式渠道了解到的信息:到2016年9月,国务院将会开始处理2014年夏天的案件。只有27个月的排期时间,其实没那么糟。 按照目前“稳定”的2013年5月1日的中国截至日,排期时间是25个月,我们不大可能看到真正的排期倒退。再次强调一个重点,排期倒退是指截止日往前移动。所以目前的截止日只是被确立了,但这个日期并没有往前移动或者出现排期倒退。如果不恰当的使用“排期倒退”这个词会给理解签证监管体系造成困难。
  4. And what about the Chinese children? Well, to me it’s relatively clear. If the child is 18 years old or older, the child better file as the principal applicant. If the child is 14 to 17 years old, the parents should file now or risk having the child age out. It really was sad meeting with some parents who filed their I-526 too close to their child’s 21st birthday. Many were praying for RFEs that would give their kids a few extra months to subtract when calculating their CSPA age. EB-5 attorneys are finally getting it. You can’t freeze the child’s age unless a visa number is available as published in the visa bulletin. Sure you have 12 months to lock in the child’s age and another 12 months if the priority date is backlogged, but meanwhile the child’s age is advancing from the day the I-526 is approved. In our strange “mad hatter” world many with pending I-526 application are desperately hoping not to get fast approvals. I explained I would include requests to delay adjudication with RFE responses, but I’m not sure USCIS will agree to do so.
    对于中国申请人的未成年子女会有哪些影响?我觉得很清楚。如果子女目前是18周岁或者以上,最好用子女作为主申请人申请。如果子女是14-17周岁,父母应该赶快申请以规避子女超龄的风险。我见到一些父母,感觉很惋惜,因为他们在很接近子女21周岁生日的时候递交了I-526申请。很多人祈祷接到补件要求的通知,这样可以在按照儿童年龄保护法计算儿童CSPA年龄时多减掉几个月时间。EB-5律师现在终于明白了。除非有签证公告板上显示有当前可用签证名额,否则不能锁定未成年子女年龄。到时一定会给12个月时间去让你锁定儿童年龄,如果优先日期有积压的情况下,会有第二个12个月时间,但与此同时,未成年子女的年龄会从I-526批准之日开始增长。 在我们这个奇怪的“mad hatter” (注:爱丽丝梦游仙境中的疯帽子)的世界里,会有很多I-526申请还在处理的人绝望地期待批准不要来的太快。我说明过我会在回复移民局补件要求的时候提出放慢处理要求,但我不确定移民局是否会同意这么做。
  5. And the fifth tidbit? Well, in addition to many new projects on the market, there are many new agents as China rapidly deregulates the licensing of migration agents and wealth management companies enter the market to meet customer demand. “I really can get an American green card for only a $500,000 investment” is something I repeatedly hear. Many of the projects seem very good as reputable developers and others dive into the so-called cheap money EB-5 arena. (That’s a myth as it really isn’t that cheap and many good projects can now get cheaper bank financing as capital markets improve in the U.S.). A few of the licensed Chinese Migration Agents and Regional Centers continue to dominate with robust strategies that continuously dismantle their competition.
    第五点见闻?除了市场上众多的新项目之外,因为中国对移民中介和理财公司的管制迅速放松,中国出现了很多新中介。 我不停的听到“我真的只投资50万美元就可以拿到美国绿卡”这样的言论。很多项目看起来是很不错的,因为开发商有声望。但有些项目就是冲着便宜的EB-5融资去的.(这是个谜团,因为EB-5融资方式的成本不低,由于美国资本市场环境的改善,很多好的项目可以从银行那里获得更便宜的融资)。 有一些中介和区域中心项目试图继续使用激进的手段诋毁他们的竞争对手。

Finally if you want to learn more about EB-5, register for AILA’s EB-5 Investors Summit at the Venetian Hotel in Las Vegas, August 27-28. It’s guaranteed to be sizzling hot with 40 of the most knowledgeable experts speaking. As the chair of the conference, I’ve worked with the best and brightest EB-5 professionals to put together a truly stellar program. Last year’s conference in Chicago sold out, and this year’s will also likely sell out. Finally if you are an EB-5 vendor and want to reach 400-500 lawyers and industry players, consider being a sponsor.

最后,如果你想要了解更多EB-5信息,请注册参加将于8月27日-28日在拉斯维加斯威尼斯人酒店举办的美国移民律师协会(AILA)EB-5分会。届时到场有40位业内经验最丰富的专家,一定盛况空前。 作为此次会议的主席,我和EB-5行业内顶尖的优秀人士合作,策划了精彩纷呈的议题。去年在芝加哥举办的会议最终脱销,今年的座位也会很快售罄。如果你是EB-5的供应商,想要和400-500位律师与业内人士直接接触,请考虑成为会议的赞助商。

REGISTER HERE

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Stay tuned for the next episode of BERNIE’S TOP 5 EB-5 HOT TOPICS.

敬请关注伯纳德五大EB-5热门话题下一集。

China EB-5 – DHS Requests an Extension of the Program and Plans to Increase the Minimum Investment Amount to $800,000 What Does This Mean for the EB-5 Program?

By Bernard Wolfsdorf, Esq.

TO LEARN MORE ABOUT THE CHINA CUTOFF DATE AND USCIS PROPOSED CHANGES IN THE PROGRAM

REGISTER HERE

FOR OUR FREE EB-5 WEBINAR ON MAY 14, AT 7 PM PACIFIC (MAY 15 AT 10 AM BEIJING TIME

Starting May, 1, 2015, only Chinese born applicants who filed their adjustment of status before May 1, 2013 can file . . . → Read More: China EB-5 – DHS Requests an Extension of the Program and Plans to Increase the Minimum Investment Amount to $800,000 What Does This Mean for the EB-5 Program?

中国 EB-5 截止日意味着什么?

由Bernard Wolfsdorf律师撰写

从2015 年5月1日起,只有优先日期在2013年5月1日之前的中国出生的申请人,才可以在美国境内申请调整身份(对于在美国有合法身份的人),或者安排在广州的最后面试。因此,出现了下列的许多问题需要回答。

1) 截至 2015 年 9 月 30 日的2015财政年度年还剩下多少 可用EB-5 签证?

在2005年5月1日到2015年9月30日这个期间,大约剩余2525个EB-5 签证可供分配(大约每个月500个)。从2015年10月1日开始,大约会有1万个新的签证名额可供2016财政年度使用。感谢查尔斯·奥本海姆先生–美国国务院签证司司长的信息。

2) 如何计算?

共有10,224个EB5类别签证可供2015财政年度使用,其中7,699已被使用。平均处理速度一直大约为每月1100个。为了保持 EB-5签证使用不超过年度的配额,国务院将不得不减少签证发放数量为每月约500个(今年剩余的5个月有2,525个签证,在此基础上建立优先日期截止日期为2013年5月1日)。这2,525个签证将于提供给优先日期为“当前有名额”的申请人,现为在2013年5月1日前递交EB5申请的人,或非中国出生,或者可以使用配偶国别(中国以外的国家)cross-chargeable。在财政年度2015年年底(2015年9月30日),优先日期将前进到2013年9月或2013年10月。

3) 哪些国家使用了这 7,699个签证?

按照使用数量排名,中国大陆出生申请人使用了6819个名额,占总数的88.56%;越南出生申请人使用了244个;台湾出生申请人使用了83个,印度出生申请人使用了58个、韩国出生使用了54个。(作者的评论,有趣的是前5名投资者国家几乎都来自亚洲。占整个世界总使用量约11.5%)。感谢查尔斯·奥本海姆先生–美国国务院签证司司长的信息。

4) 现在我们知道中国出生EB-5申请人的排期日2013年 5月1日会从2015年5月1日起生效,这个日期会不会倒退,比如变成 2013年4月15日,或是保持不变,或是提前到2013年5月15日,甚至2013 年6月?

没人知道,所以我们必须等待2015年5月10日左右发布的2015年6月签证公告板。

5) 这对身在美国境内,优先日期不早于2013年 5月1日的EB-5申请人来意味着什么?

他们必须等待,直到他们的优先日期成为“当前有名额”。如果他们持有或者可以保持有效的非移民身份,他们可以留在美国,直到他们的优先日期将变为“当前有名额”。

6) 这对在美国境外,优先日期不早于2013 年5月1日的EB-5申请人来意味着什么?

他们必须等待,直到他们的优先日期为“有名额”,才可以预约广州领事馆的面试,除非他们可以获得允许有双重意图的签证比如L-1或H-1B签证,或他们能证明有回国意图,获得F-1学生签证。

7) 因为我在美国有合法身份,我已经递交了调整身份申请,目前我在等待工卡和回美证,现在我想要和中国出生的男朋友/女朋友结婚,是否可以将他们加放入调整身份申请中?

不能,你可以和你中国出生的男朋友/女朋友结婚,但他/她不能递交调整身份申请,直到你的优先日期“有名额”,或者你的结婚对象出生在中国以外的国家。所以需要认真规划,以确保你的配偶在这段时间里可以维持合法身份,直到你的优先日期将变为“当前有名额”,在这段时间,你可以替配偶“随后”申请(follow-to-join)。如果你的调整身份申请在结婚前已经被批准了,你的配偶将成为”后获得”配偶,他/她将不得作为配偶F2A家庭类移民,等待另一个2-3年或更长时间的排期。

8) 我I-526 申请是在 2015 年 5月1日获得批准,但由于I-526申请是在2013 年 4 月30日之后递交的,所以我的优先日期不是“当前有名额”。 但我有一个 21周岁以下的孩子,他将有资格作为受益人和我一起获得绿卡吗?

有可能,取决于递交I-526申请时他的年龄,和I-526花多长时间获得批准。法律要求你在有可用签证的一年内谋求获得永久居住权,但如果由于排期倒退你没有足够的12个月去做上述的步骤,你将有另一个12个月,但是需要重新根据儿童年龄保护法CSPA计算年龄。递交申请时超过20岁的子女受益人很有可能“超龄“,大多数19岁的受益人还有机会的,18岁相对比较安全。具体情况需要参考目前积压的申请案件和每月新增申请以及批准率。

9) 谁能告诉中国出生的EB5申请人需要等多久?

没有人可以给出准确的预测。但查尔斯·奥本海姆先生已在非正式场合表示到2016年9月,也就是2016年财政年底前,国务部会开始处理2014年夏天的案件。[作者的评论,这属于猜想,其中还是有很多变数]。

10) 其实情况没有那么糟 — 你说2015年自然年度,中国出生 EB-5申请人的等待队伍大约只有 2 年,2016年自然年度又会如何?

是的。这已经被非正式宣布了。从2015年10月1日起,2016年财政年度,我们可以预测等待排队就可以恢复到大约2年。因此在2015年10月1日,我们应该看到优先日期会前进到 2013 年10月,意味今年接下来的每个月,我们都会看到有一个月的排期前进。[请注意,作者评论,需要考虑的变数很多,所以预测不一定准确,但为了申请人、 律师和区域中心提供参考。2015自然年的排期真的没有那么糟,2016年开始可能等待时间为2 . . . → Read More: 中国 EB-5 截止日意味着什么?

China EB-5 Cutoff Reached-What Does This Mean for the EB-5 Program?

By Bernard Wolfsdorf, Esq

Starting May, 1, 2015, only Chinese born applicants who filed their adjustment of status before May 1, 2013 can file to adjust status if they are lawfully in the U.S., or proceed to be scheduled for a final interview in Guangzhou. As a result there are many questions that need to be answered.

1) . . . → Read More: China EB-5 Cutoff Reached-What Does This Mean for the EB-5 Program?

New Rule Allows F-2 and M-2 Spouses and Children to Engage in Part-time, Post-secondary Academic Study at SEVP-certified Schools

By: Joseph J. Shepherd, Esq.

Today the Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Student and Exchange Visitor Program (“ICE-SEVP”) published a Final Rule amending the regulations regarding who can study while in the U.S.

Under the Final Rule, F-2 and M-2 nonimmigrant spouses and children may engage in part-time (e.g., less than 12 credit hours), . . . → Read More: New Rule Allows F-2 and M-2 Spouses and Children to Engage in Part-time, Post-secondary Academic Study at SEVP-certified Schools

CHINA EB-5 CUTOFF DATE ESTABLISHED MAY 1, 2015-DOES THE DERIVATIVE CHILD BENEFICIARY HAVE TO TAKE STEPS BEFORE MAY 1, 2015 TO FREEZE THE CHILD’S AGE? IF SO, WHAT STEPS MUST BE TAKEN?

By Bernard Wolfsdorf, Esq.

After speaking to many other experienced immigration lawyers, there appears to be no clear guidance on what to do if the I-526 petition is approved prior to May 1, 2015, before the China EB-5 cut-off date is established. This blog purports to advise what the options are, but each case must be evaluated . . . → Read More: CHINA EB-5 CUTOFF DATE ESTABLISHED MAY 1, 2015-DOES THE DERIVATIVE CHILD BENEFICIARY HAVE TO TAKE STEPS BEFORE MAY 1, 2015 TO FREEZE THE CHILD’S AGE? IF SO, WHAT STEPS MUST BE TAKEN?

EB-5 CHINA CUTOFF DATES-UNDERSTANDING THE CHILD STATUS PROTECTION ACT (CSPA) AND ACTION REQUIRED TO PROTECT CHILD DERIVATIVE BENEFICIARIES FOR ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS IN THE U.S.

By Bernard Wolfsdorf, Esq.

On May 1, 2015, the China EB-5 category will have a cut-off date of May 1, 2013. For the first time in the history of the program which was established by the Immigration Act of 1990, a cut-off date has been established for Chinese born, or chargeable applicants.

If the I-526 petition is approved . . . → Read More: EB-5 CHINA CUTOFF DATES-UNDERSTANDING THE CHILD STATUS PROTECTION ACT (CSPA) AND ACTION REQUIRED TO PROTECT CHILD DERIVATIVE BENEFICIARIES FOR ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS IN THE U.S.

UNDERSTANDING EB-5 CUT-OFF DATES & RETROGRESSION

By Bernard Wolfsdorf, Esq

Our office will host a FREE webinar on Thursday, April 16 at 7 pm Pacific/10 pm Eastern [10 am April 17, Beijing time].  Simultaneous Chinese translation will be provided. During the webinar we will be able to answer your questions.

Register here

1. WHAT IS THE “QUOTA BACKLOG”?

The Immigration and Nationality Act sets limits on . . . → Read More: UNDERSTANDING EB-5 CUT-OFF DATES & RETROGRESSION

EB-5 PRACTICE ADVISORY CONCERNING THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A CHINA EB-5 CUT-OFF DATE

By Bernard Wolfsdorf, Esq.

Bernard Wolfsdorf & Charlie Oppenheim (Chief, Visa Control)
IIUSA Conference Washington, D.C. April 13, 2015

Our office will host a FREE webinar on Thursday, April 16 at 7 pm Pacific/10 pm Eastern [10 am April 17, Beijing time].  Simultaneous Chinese translation will be provided. During the webinar we will be able to answer . . . → Read More: EB-5 PRACTICE ADVISORY CONCERNING THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A CHINA EB-5 CUT-OFF DATE

China EB-5 Cut-off Update-May 2015 or June 2015 that is the Question?

By Bernard Wolfsdorf, Esq.

The Department of State April Visa Bulletin has now clearly stated that, “The establishment of [the China EB-5 cut-off] date can be expected no later than June [2015]”. Item D of the February 2015 Visa Bulletin advised that the expected increase in demand would require the establishment of a cut-off date during the . . . → Read More: China EB-5 Cut-off Update-May 2015 or June 2015 that is the Question?